Traditional vs Modern Science and Technology. . .
The traditional meaning of science and technology is viewed in different ways. In its broad term technology is dealing with the use and knowledge of humanity’s tools and crafts. It is also a knowledge of using tools and machines to do tasks efficiently. We often use technology to control the world in which we live and it is developed to extend human capabilities. Technology is an innovation, change, or modification of the natural environment to satisfy perceived human needs and wants. we can also view technology in four aspects. First, technology is defined as technics which refer to material products of human making or fabrication. It refers to all material artifacts produced by a person or group in society. Second, technology is viewed as a technology which refers to the complex of knowledge, methods, materials and constituent parts used in making certain kind of technic. it means that not only one technology is use in making a certain kind of technic. technology is also a form of human cultural activity so it is viewed as a distinctive form of human practice like other proffesions which is pratice by technologists like mechanists and engineers. Lastly, technology as a total societal enterprise is the complex of knowledge, people, skills, organizations, facilities, technichs, physical resources, methods,and technologies that taken together and in relationship to one another are devoted to the research, development, production, and operation of technics. in this sense technology is viewed as a whole with all the factors affecting its development.
In terms of science, in its broad sense it refers to body of knowledge about the phenomenon of natural world. In viewing it in a more specific manner, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as to the organized body of knowledge humans have gained by such research. it is concerned with the scientific explanations in terms of natural phenomena rather than supernatural phenomena. aside from science as a body of knowledge, it also refers to a particular field or domain of systematic inquiry in which such knowledge is sought. like technology, it is also a human cultural activity practiced by people called scientists. and lastly, it is also viewed hollisticaly with all the with all the knowledge, people, skills, organizations, physical resources and methods devoted to the understanding of natural phenomena.
For our group, we define technology as the advancement of our society in terms of the new inventions of gadgets.Technology makes our communication and transportaion easier and our lifestyle more interesting. We think of all the cool gadgets present in our society today which makes our life better.Computers, mobile phones, iPods and digicams are just some of the things that comes to our minds when we hear the word technology. As for science, we think of it as a simple subject we have in school. It may be General Science, Biology, Chemistry or Physics. It is about studying the world around us. It is where we find answers to questions that we find in our environment and even in outer space. It is about experementing and baing able to come up with conclusions as what scientists do. We believe that the relationship between the two is that technology is a product of what we learn in science. Because of all the discoveries we find is science, we would come up with new inventions that would make our lives better.
The difference between our definition with that of the traditional definition is that we were not aware that technology has other meanings. It is more than the newest and coolest gadgets in our society today but technology is also about the methods, technics and materials used to come up with these new gadgets. For example, we know that an iPod is a technology but we didn’t know that the methods and technics used to invent an iPod is also part of technology. For science, we were preoccupied that science is just about a subject that we have to study. We didn’t know that it is about the body of knowledge as a whole inlcuding the people, skills and organizatons involved. For example, we were studying about the human anatomy last semester, we didn’t think of the people who were first to study the human anatomy and how they were able to understand science of it.
2. Beveridge, W. I. B. The Art of Scientific Investigation (New York: Vintage Books, 1957).-http://skepdic.com/science.html
3. wikipedia -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology
4. New York State Education Department Office of Technology Policy- http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/technology/nclb/definition.htm
5. Robert E. McGinn; copyright 1991 by prentice-Hall, Inc.